1962 Supreme Court Ruling
Engle v. Vitale
  • The Court decides: “Prayer in its public school system breaches the constitution’s wall of separation between Church and State.”

For the first time in American history, a branch of the federal government took a stand to censor religious activity, which was long considered an integral part of education. This reinterpretation of the “establishment clause” is arguably America’s most controversial restructuring of educational policy. It has had far-reaching effects (The Patriot’s Bible 731).
[see “FYI” note on “Bill of Rights” page]

FYI: Isn't it ironic that the Supreme Court, which banned prayer in public schools, begins its sessions with prayer? The crier says, "God save the United States and this honorable court."

1963 Supreme Court Ruling
Abington v. Schempp
  • The Court decides: “No state law or school board may require that passages from the Bible be read or that the Lord’s Prayer be recited in the public schools of a state at the beginning of each school day” (The Patriot’s Bible 731).



1980 Supreme Court Ruling
Stone v. Graham
  • The Court decides: “If the posted copies of the Ten Commandments are to have any effect at all, it will be to induce the schoolchildren to read, meditate upon, perhaps to venerate and obey the Commandments. . . . This . . . is not a permissible state objective under the establishment clause” (The Patriot’s Bible 731).



1985 Supreme Court Ruling
Graham v. Central
  • The Court decides: “Religious invocation . . . in high school commencement exercises conveyed the message that district had given its endorsement to prayer and religion, so that school district was properly [prohibited] from including invocation in commencement exercise” (The Patriot’s Bible 731).



See also Supreme Court Rulings:
  • Kay v. Douglas, 1986
  • Jager v. Douglas, 1989
  • Lee v. Weisman, 1992